Iraqi News Late Sunday Evening 9-11-22
Tlm724 Administrator Bondlady’s Corner
He Called For An End To The Rivalry Between Al-Sadr And His Rivals.. Report: The Iraqi Political Conflict Dampens Hopes Of Saving The Economy
Reports & Analytics breaking Sadrist Movement Iraqi economy coordinating framework The Carnegie Institution of America
2022-09-10 00:18 Shafaq News / A report by an American institute issued today, Friday, revealed the impact of the current political impasse on the rival political blocs and the Iraqi people, and indicated that
ending the economic crisis may be “more difficult”, Al-Sadr and his opponents called in the coordination framework to transform competition to achieve economic reforms urgent.
The American “Carnegie Institution” said in a report translated by Shafak News Agency;
The economic consequences of the political impasse that Iraq is witnessing at the present time will not be in the interest of the rival political blocs nor in the interest of the Iraqi people, as ending the economic crisis may be more difficult than expected, especially in light of the escalation of the political conflict between Muqtada al-Sadr’s supporters and Shiite parties.
The conflict, which leads to an escalation of the cost of economic reform.
The US report stated that “this matter has weakened the prospects of adopting a practical and effective budget, impeding the necessary progress that has been achieved in the areas of infrastructure spending and delaying efforts aimed at achieving urgent economic reforms.”
The report pointed out that “the political crisis after the recent elections, caused the collapse of popular support that the country needed in order to address the most important problems facing the Iraqi economy, which are represented in the deterioration of public services and the spread of unemployment.”
And after the report pointed out that “these two problems were briefly addressed during the discussion of the (Emergency Support for Food Security and Development) law that was passed in June and whose expenditures were set at (17 billion dollars),”
he considered that “bureaucratic complications raised many questions about the possibility of Implement this law transparently as it is “too brief and somewhat contradictory.”
And the institute continued in its report that “at a time when the competing Shiite blocs are seeking to control the country’s resources, including record-breaking oil revenues, directing public spending towards creating job opportunities and improving health care has become an almost impossible task,
especially in light of the steady rise in rates of Unemployment, as official figures show that more than a third of young people are not in school, in work, or in training.
The report pointed out that “international support was a major factor in pushing Iraq to achieve economic and administrative reforms,” noting that
“in 2017, Iraqi government officials and academics partnered with international specialists to formulate what they called (Economic Vision 2030), explaining that “This vision was aimed at addressing the gap in wealth distribution and income and paving the way for spending on infrastructure needs.”
The report indicated that “political instability conditions eventually dampened the momentum of that vision, in light of the refusal of the competing blocs to resolve acute disputes related to revenue sharing.”
Despite this, the report confirmed that “the Iraqi economy has shown some positive indicators in recent months, as it is expected that oil and non-oil growth will return to pre-Corona pandemic levels, and that the economy will record an average growth rate of 5.4% annually between 2022 and 2024.”
The institute also points out that “the economic prospects appear murky due to the delay in forming a new government, as the absence of an effective government creates great challenges to the transparent use of more than $60 billion in oil revenues recorded during the first half of this year,” adding that
“Al-Sadr and his competitors At the same time, they are not interested in introducing legislation that would help diversify the sources of expenditure in order to achieve the improvement of public services.
The report urged the two competing Shiite blocs to “put aside their internal political fighting, and turn the competition between them into a competition to achieve urgent economic reforms,
which was demanded by Al-Sadr himself in the post-election stage when he stressed the need for gradual reform that eliminates poverty and rampant corruption, and demanded the representation of All sects are in state institutions.
The report emphasized that “political paralysis affects about 370,000 families, who live without money in light of fears of looming unrest in some of the electoral districts of these Shiite blocs,” noting that
“while the prospects for reconciliation between al-Sadr and the coordinating framework forces seem murky so far. The Iraqis will continue to bear the burden of economic neglect once again.”
Legal Expert: Parliament Has The Right To Authorize The Caretaker Government To Approve The Budget
On September 11, 2022 The Independent – The legal expert, Ali Al-Tamimi, explained that the extent of Parliament’s ability to approve a budget, although the government is still managing daily matters, pointing out the importance of having final accounts before resorting to approving the budget.
Al-Tamimi said in a press statement, which was monitored by The Independent, that “Parliament can authorize the caretaker government the right to send the general budget law because it is related to food security, which is one of the first priorities of the caretaker government, and this authorization needs a vote of the absolute majority of the number of members (half of the total number). plus one) and that this right be limited only to the budget law.
He added that “the mandate should include the approval of the final accounts of the previous year’s budget in accordance with the Financial Management and Public Debt Law No. 6 of 2019, all in accordance with Articles 62, 5 and 61 of the Constitution and 12 and 13 of the Financial Management and Public Debt Law No. 6 of 2019 and articles 128 to 138 of the Parliament’s bylaws.
Al-Tamimi indicated that “there is no such thing as a constitutional vacuum, because in the event that the budget law is not legislated, the disbursement is carried out at a rate of 1/12 of the previous year’s budget, that is, the last budget legislated according to the Financial Management and Public Debt Law 6 of 2019, and Parliament can take the government’s approval not to challenge the budget law before the Federal Court if it is initiated in this way, as happened in the emergency support law.” https://mustaqila.com/خبير-قانوني-يحق-للبرلمان-تخويل-حكومة-ت
An Expected Iraqi Deal To Buy A Deterrent Weapon Against Turkey And Upset The Balance Of Power.. The Fifth Generation Is Coming
1,217 Security 09/12/2022 00:00 ak Baghdad today – translation An American research center confirmed today, Sunday, that Iraq’s demand to buy Dassault Rafale fighters from France raises eyebrows in Washington.
A report by the James Down Foundation for American Research, which was translated by (Baghdad Today), said,
“Paris is looking at the arms market in the Middle East, and has signed important agreements with Egypt and the UAE – and now Iraq.
At a time of increasing competition in the fourth and fifth generation aircraft sector, A French deal with Iraq would significantly increase the French company’s leverage in the booming combat aircraft sales market.”
“Besides the geopolitical risks of selling out the sensitive regional balance of power between Iraq and its close adversaries, Baghdad’s pursuit of French Rafales will have broader consequences for regional security from a technical point of view.
If the composition of aircraft weapons systems includes meteorites rather than mecha missiles, it could shift The regional balance of power is rapidly in favor of Iraq.
Thus, the Baghdad-Paris agreement will lead to a paradigm shift in the anti-terror policy of a major NATO country – Turkey.”
He noted that “by using Rafale aircraft, Iraq can prevent Turkish aircraft from entering its airspace and impede Turkey’s ongoing military operations in northern Iraq.”
He continued, “UAVs have become an integral part of Turkish intelligence efforts in these areas, Turkish intelligence expertise and precision deep strike capabilities are essential.
After the start of the Syrian Civil War, Turkish counter-terror operations in the region shifted to the concept of operations (CONOPS) which was Drones are greatly enhanced, with the aim of minimizing risks and minimizing personnel loss.Syrian airspace remains a particularly dangerous area, and Turkey lost an F-4 Phantom aircraft to the Syrian Arab Air Defense Forces in 2012.
Currently, the Iraqi Air Force cannot stop Turkish air strikes against the PKK. However, the scenario in which the Iraqi Air Force flies Rafale aircraft with advanced air missiles may be a disruptive factor for Ankara’s strategy in northern Iraq.”
He continued, “Given the versatility of the Rafale aircraft and its combat performance, Iraq’s preference for it is logical.
The Rafale is already an advanced aircraft in high demand in the Middle East, as evidenced by the Egyptian and Emirati cases, where both countries chose Rafales instead of the F-35.
In the case of Baghdad, the main factor that pushed Baghdad into the arms of Paris, however, was Washington’s refusal to provide Baghdad with the ammunition needed to operate its F-16s at full capacity. And he added,
“Currently, the Iraqi Air Force has 34 F-16 aircraft.
However, Western intelligence claims that at least 10 of these aircraft have been permanently grounded due to lack of maintenance and equipment.
This creates a weakness in the Iraqi air capabilities, This prevents Baghdad from being able to fully operate the F-16s.
Following the attack on Balad Air Base, which hosts US forces, in April 2020, Lockheed Martin and other major defense companies withdrew their personnel from Iraq. This disrupted support Maintenance and training for the Iraqis.
So, while competitors were quickly transitioning to 4.5 generation solutions, there was primarily a fear of backwardness, but another major factor was the lack of certified munitions that Washington provided to Baghdad.
Overall, what makes the weapons system truly effective Not only the platform itself, but also the configuration of the weapons and sensors that it comes with, which France may be willing to provide to Iraq.” He pointed out that
“Paris, had already made a successful entry into the defense market in the Middle East before rumors about Iraq’s possible purchase of Rafale aircraft. Last year, France sold Rafale aircraft to the Egyptians and Emiratis, with the latter buying a total of 80 aircraft.
Thus, the French deal The Iraqi potential would deepen the already prominent French footprint in the defense industry in the Middle East.
Another aspect that makes Iraq a particularly attractive client for France is its alleged proposal to pay for its combat aircraft with oil.
Due to the looming oil crisis resembling the 1973 shock, it became Paris now urgently needs to find an alternative to Russian energy where its new client, Iraq, may be the solution.” He explained,
“However, acquiring the Rafale is not a panacea for air superiority.
In fact, the game-changing factor will be the munitions that accompany the Rafale.
Whereas a deal that includes a medium-range Mica missile will not have a significant impact on the balance sheet.” With regional powers, the scenario in which Paris supplies Baghdad with Meteor missiles will be the real turning point.
Acquiring the Meteor beyond visible range (BVR) missiles means that Iraq gets improved offensive capabilities that can engage a wide range of targets ranging from armed unmanned vehicles to cruise missiles.
This would enable Baghdad with a flexible military capability, as well as an advantage in regional airspace.”
Meteor missile repercussions:
A scenario in which the Iraqi Raffles planes come with Meteor missiles will have serious repercussions.
First: Such a purchase would change the balance of power between Israel and the countries of the region. Supplying Tel Aviv’s adversary, Iraq, with Meteor missiles would directly undermine Israel’s qualitative military advantage in the region.
Second, equipping the Iraqi Air Force with Rafale fighter jets and Meteor missiles will have repercussions on Turkey’s counterterrorism policy.
Currently, the Iraqi Air Force has no advantage over the Turkish Air Force. This will still be true if Turkey buys a modernized F-16 from Washington or chooses a temporary replacement.
However, a scenario in which Ankara fails to transition to a 4.5 generation air combat or configuration that includes Meteor missiles will then provide Baghdad with a clear advantage over Ankara.
The superior Iraqi air capabilities would allow Iraq to deprive Turkey of its national airspace and impede Turkish operations in northern Iraq. In addition, the Iraqi air force equipped with Raffles and BVR missiles poses a great danger to Turkish manned aircraft.
Exploiting the vacuum created by Washington, Paris is rapidly filling the Middle East arms market with advanced systems and generous technical assistance.
Moreover, Paris is determined to meet the region’s growing demands, even if at the cost of changing the regional balance of power and rewriting counterterrorism rules to a major NATO ally like Turkey, if not Israel as well.
In short, Iraq’s pursuit of the Rafale may soon alter regional dynamics, and the United States’ reluctance to share its technology will be a factor behind this development.” ‘
The World Bank Is Ready To Support Economic Reforms In Iraq
economy The Ministry of Planning The World Bank 2022-09-11 07:07 Shafaq News/ Today, Sunday, the World Bank expressed its readiness to support the Iraqi government in the field of development and achieving the economic reforms that the country needs.
The media of the Ministry of Planning said in a statement received by Shafak News Agency, that Minister Khaled Battal Al-Najm received today the new Special Representative of the World Bank in Iraq Richard Abdel Nour and his accompanying delegation, explaining that during the meeting, aspects of joint cooperation between the two sides in various economic issues were discussed. And development, especially in relation to the working mechanisms of the Recovery and Reconstruction Fund in Iraq and the Social Fund for Development.
The statement quoted the minister, confirming Iraq’s keenness and strong desire to strengthen relations with the World Bank to serve development in the country,
indicating that all projects being implemented within the two funds should be among the priorities identified by Iraq, according to the development gaps.
For his part, Abdel Nour expressed, according to the statement, the World Bank’s readiness to provide more support to the efforts of the Ministry of Planning and the Iraqi government, in the field of supporting development and achieving economic reforms, which Iraq needs, after the crises it has faced in recent years. https://shafaq.com/ar/اقتصـاد/البنك-الدولي-يبدي-استعدادا-لدعم-ال-صلاحات-الاقتصادية-في-العراق
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