butterfly The Kurdistan Democratic Party links its return to the conflict areas to forming the next government
2022-02-11 07:50 The Kurdistan Democratic Party links its return to the conflict areas to forming the next governmentShafaq News/ On Friday, the Kurdistan Democratic Party in Diyala – 15th place linked the implementation of its political return agreements to the conflict areas with the formation of the next government, while it refuted the existence of differences with the Patriotic Union regarding the political and security return of the Kurds in the coming periods.
The party’s media official, Sherko Tawfiq, told Shafak News Agency, “The party hopes and is waiting for the formation of the next government to start implementing its agreed legitimate demands for the return of headquarters, political offices, powers and security and administrative positions as they were before the October 2017 events.”
Tawfiq added, “The delay in the political return of the Democratic Party and the return of the administrative and security powers and entitlements of the Kurds in the conflict areas is due to differences with the government and some political parties, and there are no differences regarding these demands with the Patriotic Union or other Kurdish parties.”
The Kurdish official refuted any negative effects or repercussions of the presidential crisis between Yekiti and Al-Party on the Kurdish political constants, noting that “the presidential crisis is subject to positive discussions between the two main parties to reach understandings and a solution that guarantees the public interest for all.”
butterfly He pointed out that “the most prominent legitimate entitlements to be implemented in the conflict areas are the restoration of the security and administrative positions and powers of the Kurds, as they were before October 2017, the effective return of the Peshmerga and the implementation of the steps of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, in addition to the budget entitlements for the region.”
Tawfiq stressed the Kurds’ demands to adjust the salaries of the Peshmerga, similar to the salaries of the Ministry of Defense, noting that “there is a big difference between the salary of a soldier in the Ministry of Defense, which amounts to one million and 400 thousand dinars and more, compared to the salary of a Peshmerga affiliate of only 500 thousand dinars.”
Kurds in Diyala complain about demographic Arabization campaigns and security and administrative marginalization, which intensified and expanded after the events of October 16, 2017, during the Kurdistan independence referendum, which prompted the Kurdish political parties and forces to leave their headquarters for fear of targeting and liquidation.
The Kurdish parties complain about attempts to Arabize the disputed areas in programmed stages, the first of which is security and then political scaling, which leads to a clear emptying of the Kurdish component, and they consider it a renewal of the policies of the former regime. shafaq.com
butterfly The Iraqi presidency is awaiting the results of the Barzani-Talabani meeting
2-11-2022 The Iraqi presidency is awaiting the results of the Barzani-Talabani meetingThe Iraqis are the results of the meeting held in Erbil yesterday between the leaders of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Massoud Barzani and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Bafel Talabani, regarding the candidate for the presidency.
Observers of Kurdish affairs described the meeting as a “last chance meeting” for many reasons, most notably the lack of agreement between the Kurds, since the results of the parliamentary elections, on a candidate for the post of President of the Republic in light of the chronic dispute over the sharing of positions between Baghdad and Erbil.
They had previously had a sharp disagreement during the 2018 elections when the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan nominated Barham Salih, the current president, while the Kurdistan Democratic Party nominated Fuad Hussein, the current foreign minister, for the position. But the victory was for Saleh and his party.
During the 2021 elections, the dispute between them recurred and they did not reach a compromise, as the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan re-nominated Barham Salih for a second term, while the Kurdistan Democratic Party nominated Hoshyar Zebari, the former foreign minister for the position.
While the two Kurdish parties have not yet agreed on a single candidate for the position, the chances of a settlement between them have begun to diminish unless a new position is issued through the meeting between Talabani and Barzani.
Because Hoshyar Zebari’s chances for the post have diminished, even if the Federal Court acquits him as a result of the possibility of the “Sadrists” hesitating in his election, the Kurdistan Democratic Party’s Secretary, Fadel Mirani, announced that his party has an alternative candidate, the current Foreign Minister Fouad Hussein. rawabetcenter.com
Butterfly The Presidency Of The Republic Is The Key To The Political Process
02/11/2022 | 2:16 PM \Article 67 of the Iraqi constitution described the president of the republic as the head of the state, meaning that he is the president of all of Iraq and not the head of a part of it.. and a symbol of the unity of the nation, meaning that he believes in the unity of Iraq’s land and people and does not work to separate any part of it.. represents the sovereignty of the country, i.e. represents the country’s sovereignty.
The Iraqi state is before the world.. and it ensures that the constitution is adhered to, i.e. that it is an example of commitment to the constitution and ensures compliance with it. its lands from any external aggression or occupation of any part of its lands..
This is how the Iraqi constitution described the president of the republic and this is how it should be.This does not mean that Article 67 of the Constitution has fallen from them and is no longer a condition for the Kurds to be the president of the republic..
The symbol of the nation’s unity must be from those who believe in the unity of Iraq, the land and the people, and this is a basic condition that cannot be tolerated, and the Kurdish who demands us to implement Article 140 From the constitution, we ask him to implement Article 67 and the rest of the articles of the constitution in letter and spirit..
butterfly It is not intended here that everyone who participated in the referendum of the Kurdistan region in 2017, does not believe in the unity of Iraq. Most of those who participated in the referendum wanted to express the right of the principle of self-determination..
But the importance of The position of the President of the Republic comes from being the key to the entire political process. If the political process begins with the formation of the government, this government will not and will not be formed before the election of the President of the Republic, because the President of the Republic, according to Article (76 / first) of the Constitution, is the one who assigns the candidate of the most numerous bloc to form Council of Ministers ..
By virtue of this constitutional link between the election of the president and the formation of the Council of Ministers, this means that the agreement between the political blocs to nominate the prime minister must precede the election of the president, so as not to repeat the experience of 2014 when the elected president (Fouad Masum) repudiated the assignment of the candidate of the largest bloc and betrayed the agreement.
butterfly The agreement concluded with Nuri al-Maliki and transgressed the constitution, or as the current president, Barham Salih, did when he violated the constitution by not appointing a deputy for him in contravention of Article (75 / first and second) of the constitution, which plunged him into the pit of perjury. dishonest and ready to betray the covenant, violate the constitution, and turn against it, without caring or batting an eyelid, and without anyone holding him accountable.
This necessitates the blocking third group (the coordination framework and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and those with them from the independents) to calculate this possibility and stipulate agreement on naming the prime minister and agreeing on it before going to the presidential election session, and documenting this agreement judicially and in front of public opinion and the Iraqi people..
Without this agreement, let everyone hit their head against the wall.. and the blocking third from now on must (hehe Maalik) according to the saying of Sayyid Ammar al-Hakim, and there is no need anymore to beg for anyone to agree, and let the next approach be to agree on the presidency of the republic and the ministers before the session of electing the president of the republic is held
butterfly ..And let the next approach be to agree on the presidency of the republic and the ministers before holding the session to elect the president of the republic.And let the next approach be to agree on the presidency of the republic and the ministers before holding the session to elect the president of the republic. almaalomah.me
butterfly Gaps between Iraq and Syria that ISIS exploits to return
JALULA (Iraq) – Nearly three years after the organization lost control of its last pockets, more than a dozen security officials, local leaders and residents say that its fighters have re-emerged as a source of mortal danger supported by the absence of central control in many areas.
The group no longer possesses the formidable strength it once enjoyed, but militant cells operating mostly independently of one another have remained across a strip of northern Iraq and northeastern Syria. And in recent months it has grown more daring to launch attacks.
Jabbar Yawar, a senior official in the Peshmerga forces in the autonomous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq, says, “ISIS no longer has a force like it was in 2014. It does not have a strong joint leadership, nor is it able to control cities.” But he adds: “If there is no political stability, there is no economic stability. And if there is no economic stability, there is no security stability and ISIS is recovering.”
Some fear that this may already be happening. In late January, ISIS carried out its deadliest operation against the Iraqi army in years, killing 11 soldiers in a town near Jalula, according to security sources. On the same day, gunmen stormed a prison in Syria under the control of a Kurdish faction backed by the United States, in an attempt to free inmates loyal to it.
This was the largest attack launched by the organization since the collapse of the “caliphate state” it had declared in 2019. At least 200 prison inmates and militants were killed in this attack, and 40 Kurdish fighters, 77 prison guards and four civilians were killed.
Hussein Suleiman, a government employee in the Iraqi town of Sinjar, which was overrun by the organization in 2014 and killed thousands of members of the Yazidi sect, says:
butterfly “After the attack on the prison in Syria, we became afraid of the return of ISIS.” He added, “ISIS came from Syria last time. Iraqi forces and Turkish forces were also here, but they fled.”
Officials and residents in northern Iraq and eastern Syria largely attributed what happened to competition between armed groups. When the Iraqi, Syrian, Iranian and American-led forces announced the defeat of ISIS, these forces turned on each other in confrontations across the region that the organization was ruling.
Now, Iranian-backed militias are attacking US forces, and Turkish forces are bombing separatist Kurdish militants. A conflict between Baghdad and the northern Kurdistan region also continues. These tensions undermine security and impartial governance, creating the kind of confusion from which ISIS used to profit.
For Youssef Ibrahim, this means passing through security checkpoints manned by Iraqi army soldiers and armed Shiite factions in order to reach his work in a town that until a few years ago was under the control of the Kurds. Local officials say that agricultural land in remote areas between each military site and another represents a hideout for ISIS militants.
Butterfly Now, Ibrahim no longer travels at night on the roads around his hometown, Jalloula, in northeastern Iraq. He is afraid of finding himself in the midst of attacks by ISIS fighters. “The police and army don’t come to our area very often now,” says the 25-year-old Iraqi, who sells fish in a nearby market. And if they happen to come, the militants shoot them.”
The same thing is repeated across a corridor of about 644 kilometers in a mountainous and desert area extending from northern Iraq to Syria, which was dominated by the organization at one time. Towns like Jalula bear the effects of the fierce battles that took place about five years ago, including buildings reduced to piles of rubble or riddled with bullet holes. Its squares are filled with flags hoisted in honor of leaders from various armed factions who fell in battle.
The main conflict in some areas of Iraq in which the organization operates is between the government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan region, which has oil wealth, and has a strategic area that each of the two sides says belongs to it.
The worst militant attacks in Iraq in recent months have occurred in these areas. Dozens of soldiers, Kurdish fighters and residents were killed in the violence, which local officials attribute to militants loyal to the group.
Kurdish official Jabbar Yawar says the militants are using the no-man’s-land between the security barriers of the Iraqi army, the Kurds and Shiite militias as a place to regroup. He adds: “In some areas, the distance between the Iraqi army and the Peshmerga is 40 km.”
Colonel Muhammad al-Jubouri of Salah al-Din Operations Command said: “Up to this moment, ‘ISIS’ is still not in control (on the ground), but according to our intelligence, it is working within small groups of 10 to 15 elements to carry out quick and lightning operations and withdraw immediately.”
butterfly In a phone call to Reuters, he added that the organization’s fighters are taking advantage of “the presence of some security gaps in the areas where the Iraqi forces are deployed as a result of the lack of well-fortified areas of concentration… ISIS is also active in areas between the Kurdish Peshmerga and the Iraqi army’s control areas, located in an area called ‘” “Security neutrality” in which the forces of both sides are not allowed to enter.
In theory, Iran-allied state paramilitary forces operate in coordination with the Iraqi army, but some local officials say this is not always the case.
“The problem is that the local leaders from the army and the factions … sometimes do not recognize the authority of the other,” said Ahmed Zarkoush, the mayor of Saadia in the disputed area. He added, “This means that the militants of the organization can operate in the loopholes.”
Zarkoush lives outside the city he administers, and says he fears he will be assassinated by ISIS militants if he spends the night in the town.
Syria and the border
On the other side of the disputed corridor, some officials and analysts say that the militants of the organization in Syria are taking advantage of this confusion to operate in sparsely populated areas.
butterfly “Combatants enter villages and towns at night and are free to work, raid places in search of food, terrorize merchants and extort taxes from local residents,” said Charles Lister, a research fellow at the Middle East Institute. He adds, “They have many other local divisions to exploit for their advantage, whether they are ethnic, political or sectarian.”
Syrian government forces and Iranian-backed factions control the lands west of the Euphrates River, and US-backed Kurdish forces are stationed east of the river, including the area where the prison attack took place.
The picture on the Iraqi side of the border is no less complicated; Soldiers and fighters allied with Iran, Turkey, Syria and the West control swathes of land with security barriers only a few dozen meters from each other.
Iran and its proxy militias are seeking to maintain control of the border crossings between Iraq and Syria, which are Tehran’s gateway to Syria and Lebanon, according to Western and Iraqi officials.
American officials believe that these factions are responsible for attacking nearly 2,000 American soldiers stationed in Iraq and Syria to fight ISIS. Tehran has not commented on whether it was involved in the attacks.
While Turkey is carrying out drone strikes from bases in northern Iraq targeting Kurdish separatist militants operating on either side of the border. tomorrow https://rawabetcenter.com/archives/142231